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1

Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, 2 Gatehouse Street, Parkville, Vic, 3052, Australia

2

Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RZ, UK

3

Clinical and Epidemiological Biostatistics Unit, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Parkville, Vic, 3052, Australia

4

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong Waterfront Campus, Geelong Vic, 3217, Australia

5

Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 3rd Avenue NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Abstract This paper measures tobacco polices in statewide representative samples of secondary and mixed schools in Victoria, Australia and Washington, US N = 3,466 students from 285 schools and tests their association with student smoking. Results from confounder-adjusted random effects multi-level regression models revealed that the odds of student perception of peer smoking on school grounds are decreased in schools that have strict enforcement of policy odds ratio OR = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.82; p = 0.009. There was no clear evidence in this study that a comprehensive smoking ban, harsh penalties, remedial penalties, harm minimization policy or abstinence policy impact on any of the smoking outcomes. View Full-Text

Keywords: schools; tobacco policy; tobacco smoking schools; tobacco policy; tobacco smoking





Autor: Tracy J. Evans-Whipp 1,* , Lyndal Bond 2, Obioha C. Ukoumunne 3, John W. Toumbourou 4 and Richard F. Catalano 5

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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