Electronic Cigarettes Use and Intention to Cigarette Smoking among Never-Smoking Adolescents and Young Adults: A Meta-AnalysisReportar como inadecuado




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1

Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 3399 Binsheng Road, Hangzhou 310051, China

2

Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang, 4138 Linglong Road, Qingzhou 262500, China



These authors contributed equally to this work.





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou

Abstract Electronic cigarettes e-cigarettes use is becoming increasingly common, especially among adolescents and young adults, and there is little evidence on the impact of e-cigarettes use on never-smokers. With a meta-analysis method, we explore the association between e-cigarettes use and smoking intention that predicts future cigarette smoking. Studies were identified by searching three databases up to January 2016. The meta-analysis results were presented as pooled odds ratio OR with 95% confidence interval CI calculated by a fixed-effects model. A total of six studies 91,051 participants, including 1452 with ever e-cigarettes use were included in this meta-analysis study. We found that never-smoking adolescents and young adults who used e-cigarettes have more than 2 times increased odds of intention to cigarette smoking OR = 2.21, 95% CI: 1.86–2.61 compared to those who never used, with low evidence of between-study heterogeneity p = 0.28, I2 = 20.1%. Among never-smoking adolescents and young adults, e-cigarettes use was associated with increased smoking intention. View Full-Text

Keywords: electronic cigarette; smoking intention; meta-analysis electronic cigarette; smoking intention; meta-analysis





Autor: Jieming Zhong 1,†, Shuangshuang Cao 2,†, Weiwei Gong 1, Fangrong Fei 1 and Meng Wang 1,*

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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