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Process Systems Engineering Centre PROSPECT, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia


Centre for Process Integration and Intensification—CPI2, Research Institute of Chemical and Process Engineering—MŰKKI, Faculty of Information Technology, University of Pannonia, Egyetem u. 10, Veszprém H-8200, Hungary


Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry DCCI, University of Genova, Via Dodecaneso 31, Genova 16146, Italy


Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Antonella Battaglini

Abstract Pressure drop is an important consideration in Total Site Heat Integration TSHI. This is due to the typically large distances between the different plants and the flow across plant elevations and equipment, including heat exchangers. Failure to consider pressure drop during utility targeting and heat exchanger network HEN synthesis may, at best, lead to optimistic energy targets, and at worst, an inoperable system if the pumps or compressors cannot overcome the actual pressure drop. Most studies have addressed the pressure drop factor in terms of pumping cost, forbidden matches or allowable pressure drop constraints in the optimisation of HEN. This study looks at the implication of pressure drop in the context of a Total Site. The graphical Pinch-based TSHI methodology is extended to consider the pressure drop factor during the minimum energy requirement MER targeting stage. The improved methodology provides a more realistic estimation of the MER targets and valuable insights for the implementation of the TSHI design. In the case study, when pressure drop in the steam distribution networks is considered, the heating and cooling duties increase by 14.5% and 4.5%. View Full-Text

Keywords: Total Site Heat Integration; Pinch Analysis; pressure drops; utility distribution; pumping Total Site Heat Integration; Pinch Analysis; pressure drops; utility distribution; pumping

Autor: Kew Hong Chew 1, Jiří Jaromír Klemeš 2, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi 1,* , Zainuddin Abdul Manan 1 and Andrea Pietro Reverberi 3



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