Deep Sediment-Sourced Methane Contribution to Shallow Sediment Organic Carbon: Atwater Valley, Texas-Louisiana Shelf, Gulf of MexicoReportar como inadecuado




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1

Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20735, USA

2

Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA

3

Department of Geology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

4

Oceanography Department, US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD 21402, USA



Current Address: Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, Texas A&M University—Corpus Christi, Corpus Christi, TX 78412, USA





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Enrico Sciubba

Abstract Coastal methane hydrate deposits are globally abundant. There is a need to understand the deep sediment sourced methane energy contribution to shallow sediment carbon relative to terrestrial sources and phytoplankton. Shallow sediment and porewater samples were collected from Atwater Valley, Texas-Louisiana Shelf, Gulf of Mexico near a seafloor mound feature identified in geophysical surveys as an elevated bottom seismic reflection. Geochemical data revealed off-mound methane diffusion and active fluid advection on-mound. Gas composition average methane-ethane ratio ~11,000 and isotope ratios of methane on the mound average δ13CCH4g = −71.2‰; D14CCH4g = −961‰ indicate a deep sediment, microbial source. Depleted sediment organic carbon values on mound δ13CSOC = −25.8‰; D14CSOC = −930‰ relative to off-mound δ13CSOC = −22.5‰; D14CSOC = −629‰ suggest deep sourced ancient carbon is incorporated into shallow sediment organic matter. Porewater and sediment data indicate inorganic carbon fixed during anaerobic oxidation of methane is a dominant contributor to on-mound shallow sediment organic carbon cycling. A simple stable carbon isotope mass balance suggests carbon fixation of dissolved inorganic carbon DIC associated with anaerobic oxidation of hydrate-sourced CH4 contributes up to 85% of shallow sediment organic carbon. View Full-Text

Keywords: methane; advection; geochemistry; carbon isotopes; sediment carbon methane; advection; geochemistry; carbon isotopes; sediment carbon





Autor: Richard B. Coffin 1,†,* , Christopher L. Osburn 2, Rebecca E. Plummer 3, Joseph P. Smith 4, Paula S. Rose 1,† and Kenneth S. Grabowski 1

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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