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1

Airport Seve Ballesteros-Santander, Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea AENA, Carretera del Aeropuerto s-n, 39600 Maliaño, Cantabria, Spain

2

Department of Electrical and Energy Engineering, University of Cantabria, Avda. los Castros s-n, 39005 Santander, Cantabria, Spain





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Antonella Battaglini

Abstract The main function of an airport is to provide access to air transport both for passengers and cargo. The number of air operations over the past 20 years has increased rapidly, and this has led to a rise in the energy needs of airports to satisfy this demand. As a consequence, the cost of energy supply for airport managers has escalated. At the same time, global energy consumption has soared due to the needs of emerging countries like China and India, with the consequent environmental impact. This complex scenario of environmental and economic factors has made airport managers become aware of the need to reduce energy consumption as well as a more efficient use of it. The aim of this article is to analyze the main behaviors and energy trends at airports in more recent research, starting with the description of the main energy sources and consumers, the application of energy conservation and energy efficiency measures, the establishment of energy indicators and benchmarking between airports, as well as energy modeling and simulation. View Full-Text

Keywords: airports; energy building; energy efficiency; energy consumption; energy conservation; energy benchmarking; energy modeling; energy simulation; renewable sources; Combined heat and power CHP plants airports; energy building; energy efficiency; energy consumption; energy conservation; energy benchmarking; energy modeling; energy simulation; renewable sources; Combined heat and power CHP plants





Autor: Sergio Ortega Alba 1 and Mario Manana 2,*

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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