Nanostructured p-Type Semiconductor Electrodes and Photoelectrochemistry of Their Reduction ProcessesReportar como inadecuado




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Department of Chemistry, University of Rome -La Sapienza-, 00139 Rome, Italy





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Academic Editor: Peter J. S. Foot

Abstract This review reports the properties of p-type semiconductors with nanostructured features employed as photocathodes in photoelectrochemical cells PECs. Light absorption is crucial for the activation of the reduction processes occurring at the p-type electrode either in the pristine or in a modified-sensitized state. Beside thermodynamics, the kinetics of the electron transfer ET process from photocathode to a redox shuttle in the oxidized form are also crucial since the flow of electrons will take place correctly if the ET rate will overcome that one of recombination and trapping events which impede the charge separation produced by the absorption of light. Depending on the nature of the chromophore, i.e., if the semiconductor itself or the chemisorbed dye-sensitizer, different energy levels will be involved in the cathodic ET process. An analysis of the general properties and requirements of electrodic materials of p-type for being efficient photoelectrocatalysts of reduction processes in dye-sensitized solar cells DSC will be given. The working principle of p-type DSCs will be described and extended to other p-type PECs conceived and developed for the conversion of the solar radiation into chemical products of energetic-chemical interest like non fossil fuels or derivatives of carbon dioxide. View Full-Text

Keywords: semiconductor; photoelectrochemistry; p-type; reduction; dye-sensitized solar cell; solar fuels; CO2 reduction; metal oxides; metal chalcogenides semiconductor; photoelectrochemistry; p-type; reduction; dye-sensitized solar cell; solar fuels; CO2 reduction; metal oxides; metal chalcogenides





Autor: Matteo Bonomo and Danilo Dini *

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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