To Which Degree Does Sector Specific Standardization Make Life Cycle Assessments Comparable—The Case of Global Warming Potential of SmartphonesReportar como inadecuado




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1

Huawei Technologies Sweden AB, Skalholtsgatan 9, 16494 Kista, Sweden

2

Orange Labs Products & Services, 28 chemin du Vieux Chêne, 38240 Meylan, France





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Abstract Here attributional life cycle assessments LCAs for the same smartphone model are presented by two different organizations Orange, OGE and Huawei, HuW and the effect of different modeling approach is analyzed. A difference of around 32% 29.6 kg and 39.2 kg for CO2e baseline scores is found using same study object and sector specific LCA standard, however, different metrics, emission intensities, and LCA software programs. The CO2e difference is reduced to 12% 29.9 kg and 33.5 kg when OGE use HuW metrics for use phase power consumption and total mass, and when HuW use OGE metrics for gold mass and silicon die area. Further, a probability test confirms that present baseline climate change results, for one specific study object modeled with two largely different and independent LCA modeling approaches, are comparable if both use the European Telecommunications Standard Institute ETSI LCA standard. The general conclusion is that the ETSI LCA standard strongly facilitates comparable CC results for technically comparable smartphone models. Moreover, thanks to the reporting requirements of ETSI LCA standard, a clear understanding of the differences between LCA modeling approaches is obtained. The research also discusses the magnitude of the CO2e reduction potential in the life cycle of smartphones. View Full-Text

Keywords: climate change; life cycle assessment; modeling; smartphone; standardization climate change; life cycle assessment; modeling; smartphone; standardization





Autor: Anders S. G. Andrae 1,* and Mikko Samuli Vaija 2

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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