Estimation of Groundwater Recharges in Odeda Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria using Empirical FormulaeReportar como inadecuado




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1

Department of Physics, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta 110001, Nigeria

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Department of Water Resources Management and Agrometeorology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta 110124, Nigeria





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Palmiro Poltronieri

Abstract Estimation and forecast of groundwater recharge and capacities of aquifers are essential issues in water resource investigation. In the current research, groundwater recharge and the recharge coefficient were determined through a case study using empirical methods applicable to the tropical zones. The related climatological data between January 1983 and December 2014 were collected from Ogun-Oshun River Basin Development Authority OORBDA, Ogun State, Nigeria. Using empirical formulae. The results showed that groundwater recharge was 194.7 mm per year, evapotranspiration was 1296.2 mm per year, and the recharge coefficient was 20.2% for the study area. The result also showed that about 11% of rainfall infiltrated the aquifer, 73% was lost to evapotranspiration, and 16% ended up as run-off. Correlation between climatic parameters and groundwater recharge showed the highest correlation between recharge and rainfall. Temperature, humidity, solar radiation and evapotranspiraton were obtained at the 0.01 significance level; the results of linear regressions proved that precipitation has a significant effect with R2 = 0.983 on estimated recharge. View Full-Text

Keywords: aquifer; evapotranspiration; groundwater recharge; recharge coefficient aquifer; evapotranspiration; groundwater recharge; recharge coefficient





Autor: Oluseyi O. Adeleke 1,* , Victor Makinde 1, Ayobami O. Eruola 2, Oluwaseun F. Dada 2, Akintayo O. Ojo 1 and Taiwo J. Aluko 1

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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