Retroareolar Carcinomas in Breast Ultrasound: Pearls and PitfallsReportar como inadecuado


Retroareolar Carcinomas in Breast Ultrasound: Pearls and Pitfalls


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1

Radiology Department, North Ontario School of Medicine, Thunder Bay Regional Health Centre, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 6V4, Canada

2

Department of Radiology, McGill University Health Center, Royal Victoria Hospital, 687 Pine Ave West, Montreal, QC H3H 1A1, Canada





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Samuel C. Mok

Abstract Breast Ultrasound US is an important tool for both screening and diagnostic examinations. Although breast US has benefitted from significant recent technical improvements, its use for the retroareolar region is known to be more challenging than for other locations. The retroareolar location was defined by Giess et al. in 1998 as the region where any lesion is situated at less than two cm from the nipple and-or involves the nipple-areolar complex on mammogram. Understanding of the complex anatomy and physiology of the nipple-areolar region is important to avoid misinterpretation and misdiagnosis. The ability for the breast imager to manage difficulties related to the retroareolar area is paramount by adjusting settings compounding, frequency, Doppler and utilizing specific manoeuvers. Cases illustrating difficulties encountered in diagnosis of retroareolar carcinomas are presented. View Full-Text

Keywords: breast; retroareolar; carcinomas; ultrasound breast; retroareolar; carcinomas; ultrasound





Autor: Romuald Ferré 1,* , Martine Paré 2, Lisa Smith 2, Mélanie Thériault 2, Ann Aldis 2, Ellen Kao 2 and Benoit Mesurolle 2

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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