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Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología 1986, 18 3

Autor: J. E. R. Staddon

Fuente: http://www.redalyc.org/


Introducción



Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología ISSN: 0120-0534 direccion.rlp@konradlorenz.edu.co Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz Colombia Staddon, J.
E.
R. Igualacion, maximizacion y seguimiento de la recompensa Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, vol.
18, núm.
3, 1986, pp.
367-386 Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz Bogotá, Colombia Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=80518302 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative REVISTA 1986 LATINOAMERICANA DE PSICOLOGIA VOLUMEN 18 - Ni} 3 367·386 IGUALACION, MAXIMIZACION y SEGUIMIENTO DE LA RECOMPENSA1 J.
E.
R. Duke STADDON· University Performance on reward schedules can be explained in terms of its consequences ~nctional models) , or in terms of its antecedente (causal models).
Molar optimality (economic) models are functional accounts that have been 81Jc :essful in explaining gross performance dif· ferences among schedules, many aspects of matehing in choice IÍtua· tions, and some aspects of risk sensitivity.
Nevertheless they cannot explain strinkingly nonoptimal behavior on several kinds of interdependent schedules (i.e.
schedules in wich instantaneous payoff for each choice depends on choioe proportion in the recent past).
Horner and Staddon have shown that a very simple causal model can account for nonoptimal behavior on several interóependent ratio schedules.
Yet this causal model faíls to account for many data that fit optimality anaIyaes. Resolvingthis conflict provides an interesting agenda for current research, Key words: tiaI performance. functional modela, causal modela, exclusive choice, par· Existen dos tipos de explicación del comportamiento en programas de recompensa y castigo: funcional y causal.
Las explicaciones en térm...





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