Vol 12: What are the risk factors for the comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in a war-affected population a cross-sectional community study in South Sudan.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 12: What are the risk factors for the comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in a war-affected population a cross-sectional community study in South Sudan.


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This article is from BMC Psychiatry, volume 12.AbstractBackground: Limited data exists on the association of war trauma with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD-depression in the general population of low-income countries. The present study aimed to evaluate socioeconomic and trauma-related risk factors associated with PTSD, depression, and PTSD-depression comorbidity in the population of Greater Bahr el Ghazal States, South Sudan. Methods: In this cross-sectional community study n=1200 we applied the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire HTQ and MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview MINI to investigate the prevalence of PTSD, depression, and PTSD-depression comorbidity. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between these disorders, previous trauma exposure, sociodemographic, and socioeconomic factors. Results: PTSD only was found in 331 28% and depression only in 75 6.4% of the study population. One hundred and twelve 9.5% of the participants had PTSD-depression comorbid diagnosis. Exposure to traumatic events and socioeconomic disadvantage were significantly associated with having PTSD or PTSD-depression comorbidity but not with depression. Participants with a comorbid condition were more likely to be socioeconomic disadvantaged, have experienced more traumatic events, and showed higher level of psychological distress than participants with PTSD or depression alone. Conclusions: In individuals exposed to war trauma, attention should be given to those who may fulfill criteria for a diagnosis of both PTSD and depression.



Autor: Ayazi, Touraj; Lien, Lars; Eide, Arne H; Ruom, Majok Malek; Hauff, Edvard

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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