Vol 15: WUSCHEL-related Homeobox genes in Populus tomentosa: diversified expression patterns and a functional similarity in adventitious root formation.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 15: WUSCHEL-related Homeobox genes in Populus tomentosa: diversified expression patterns and a functional similarity in adventitious root formation.


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This article is from BMC Genomics, volume 15.AbstractBackground: WUSCHEL WUS-related homeobox WOX protein family members play important roles in the maintenance and proliferation of the stem cell niche in the shoot apical meristem SAM, root apical meristem RAM, and cambium CAM. Although the roles of some WOXs in meristematic cell regulation have been well studied in annual plants such as Arabidopsis and rice, the expression and function of WOX members in woody plant poplars has not been systematically investigated. Here, we present the identification and comprehensive analysis of the expression and function of WOXs in Populus tomentosa. Results: A genome-wide survey identified 18 WOX encoding sequences in the sequenced genome of Populus trichocarpa PtrWOXs. Phylogenetic and gene structure analysis revealed that these 18 PtrWOXs fall into modern-WUS, intermediate, and ancient clades, but that the WOX genes in P. trichocarpa may have expanded differently from the WOX genes in Arabidopsis. In the P. trichocarpa genome, no WOX members could be closely classified as AtWOX3, AtWOX6, AtWOX7, AtWOX10, and AtWOX14, but there were two copies of WOX genes that could be classified as PtrWUS, PtrWOX2, PtrWOX4, PtrWOX5, PtrWOX8-9, and PtrWOX11-12, and three copies of WOX genes that could be classified as PtrWOX1 and PtrWOX13. The use of primers specific for each PtrWOX gene allowed the identification and cloning of 18 WOX genes from P. tomentosa PtoWOXs, a poplar species physiologically close to P. trichocarpa. It was found that PtoWOXs and PtrWOXs shared very high amino acid sequence identity, and that PtoWOXs could be classified identically to PtrWOXs. We revealed that the expression patterns of some PtoWOXs were different to their Arabidopsis counterparts. When PtoWOX5a and PtoWOX11-12a, as well as PtoWUSa and PtoWOX4a were ectopically expressed in transgenic hybrid poplars, the regeneration of adventitious root AR was promoted, indicating a functional similarity of these four WOXs in AR regeneration. Conclusions: This is the first attempt towards a systematical analysis of the function of WOXs in P. tomentosa. A diversified expression, yet functional similarity of PtoWOXs in AR regeneration is revealed. Our findings provide useful information for further elucidation of the functions and mechanisms of WOXs in the development of poplars.



Autor: Liu, Bobin; Wang, Lin; Zhang, Jin; Li, Jianbo; Zheng, Huanquan; Chen, Jun; Lu, Mengzhu

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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