VLT Echelle Spectrophotometry of the Planetary Nebula NGC 5307 and Temperature VariationsReportar como inadecuado



 VLT Echelle Spectrophotometry of the Planetary Nebula NGC 5307 and Temperature Variations


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Echelle spectrophotometry of the planetary nebula NGC 5307 is presented. The data consists of VLT UVES observations in the 3100 to 10360 A range. Electron temperatures and densities have been determined using different line intensity ratios. We determine the H, He, C, and O abundances based on recombination lines, these abundances are almost independent of the temperature structure of the nebula. We also determine the N, O, Ne, S, Cl, and Ar abundances based on collisionally excited lines, the ratios of these abundances relative to that of H depend strongly on the temperature structure of the nebula. From the OII-OIII ratio we find a t^2 = 0.056+-0.005. The chemical composition of NGC 5307 is compared with those of the Sun and the Orion nebula. From the study of the relative intensities of the OII recombination lines of multiplet 1 in this and other nebulae it isfound that for electron densities smaller than about 5000 cm-3 collisional redistribution is not complete, this effect has to be taken into account to derive the O abundances for those cases in which not all the lines of the multiplet are observed. From the 4649 OII versus N e$ClIII diagram we find a critical electron density of 1325 cm-3 for collisional redistribution of the OII lines of multiplet 1. Also based on this diagram we argue that the OII and the OIII lines originate in the same regions. We also find that the radial velocities and the FWHM of the OII and OIII lines in NGC 5307 are similar supporting the previous result. These two results imply that for NGC 5307 and probably for many other gaseous nebulae chemical inhomogeneities are not responsible for the large temperature fluctuations observed.



Autor: M. T. Ruiz; A. Peimbert; M. Peimbert

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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