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 Velocity Characteristics of Evaporated Plasma Using Hinode-EIS

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This paper presents a detailed study of chromospheric evaporation using the EUV Imaging Spectrometer EIS onboard Hinode in conjunction with HXR observations from RHESSI. The advanced capabilities of EIS were used to measure Doppler shifts in 15 emission lines covering the temperature range T=0.05-16 MK during the impulsive phase of a C-class flare on 2007 December 14. Blueshifts indicative of the evaporated material were observed in six emission lines from Fe XIV-XXIV 2-16 MK. Upflow velocity v up was found to scale with temperature as v up km s^-1~8-18 T MK. Although the hottest emission lines, Fe XXIII and Fe XXIV, exhibited upflows of 200 km s^-1, their line profiles were found to be dominated by a stationary component in contrast to the predictions of the standard flare model. Emission from O VI-Fe XIII lines 0.5-1.5 MK was found to be redshifted by v down km s^-1~60-17 T MK and was interpreted as the downward-moving `plug characteristic of explosive evaporation. These downflows occur at temperatures significantly higher than previously expected. Both upflows and downflows were spatially and temporally correlated with HXR emission observed by RHESSI that provided the properties of the electron beam deemed to be the driver of the evaporation. The energy flux of the electron beam was found to be 5x10^10 ergs cm^-2 s^-1 consistent with the value required to drive explosive chromospheric evaporation from hydrodynamic simulations.

Autor: Ryan O. Milligan; Brian R. Dennis


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