Von Neumann and Luders postulates and quantum information theoryReportar como inadecuado



 Von Neumann and Luders postulates and quantum information theory


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This note is devoted to some foundational aspects of quantum mechanics QM related to quantum information QI theory, especially quantum teleportation and ``one way quantum computing. We emphasize the role of the projection postulate determining post-measurement states in QI and the difference between its L\-uders and von Neumann versions. These projection postulates differ crucially in the case of observables with degenerate spectra. Such observables play the fundamental role in operations with entangled states: any measurement on one subsystem is represented by an observable with degenerate spectrum in the Hilbert space of a composite system. If von Neumann was right and L\-uders was wrong the canonical schemes of quantum teleportation and ``one way quantum computing would not work. Surprisingly, we found that, in fact, von Neumanns description of measurements via refinement implies under natural assumptions L\-uders projection postulate. It seems that this important observation was missed during last 70 years. This result closed the problem of the proper use of the projection postulate in quantum information theory. One can proceed with L\-uders postulate as people in quantum information really do.



Autor: Andrei Khrennikov

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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