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 Unification of Residues and Grassmannian Dualities

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The conjectured duality relating all-loop leading singularities of n-particle N^k-2MHV scattering amplitudes in N=4 SYM to a simple contour integral over the Grassmannian Gk,n makes all the symmetries of the theory manifest. Every residue is individually Yangian invariant, but does not have a local space-time interpretation-only a special sum over residues gives physical amplitudes. In this paper we show that the sum over residues giving tree amplitudes can be unified into a single algebraic variety, which we explicitly construct for all NMHV and N^2MHV amplitudes. Remarkably, this allows the contour integral to have a -particle interpretation- in the Grassmannian, where higher-point amplitudes can be constructed from lower-point ones by adding one particle at a time, with soft limits manifest. We move on to show that the connected prescription for tree amplitudes in Wittens twistor string theory also admits a Grassmannian particle interpretation, where the integral over the Grassmannian localizes over the Veronese map from G2,n to Gk,n. These apparently very different theories are related by a natural deformation with a parameter t that smoothly interpolates between them. For NMHV amplitudes, we use a simple residue theorem to prove t-independence of the result, thus establishing a novel kind of duality between these theories.

Autor: Nima Arkani-Hamed; Jacob Bourjaily; Freddy Cachazo; Jaroslav Trnka

Fuente: https://archive.org/

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