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 Vol 5: Updates in MRI characterization of the thymus in myasthenic patients.


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This article is from Journal of Medicine and Life, volume 5.AbstractPurpose: To evaluate the imaging appearance of the thymus in the myasthenic patients by using chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging, and, to correlate the chemical shift ratio CSR with pathologic findings after surgical excision.Materials and Methods: In the past year, a total of 11 myasthenic patients 4 males, 7 females; age range of 26-65 years, have been investigated by MRI centered at the thymic lodge. Our protocol included a Dual-Echo technique, T1-weighted In-phase-Opposed-phase MR images in all patients. A chemical shift ratio CSR was calculated by comparing the signal intensity of the thymus gland with that of the chest wall muscle for quantitative analysis. For this purpose, we have used standard region-of-interest electronic cursors at a slice level of the maximum axial surface of the thymus. We have identified two patients groups: a thymic hyperplasia group and a thymic tumoral group.Results: With the decrease in the signal intensity of the thymus gland at chemical shift, the MR imaging was evident only in the hyperplasia group. The mean CSR in the hyperplasia group was considerably lower than that in the tumor group, 0,4964 ± 0,1841, compared with 1,0398 ± 0,0244. The difference in CSR between the hyperplasia and tumor groups was statistically significant P=0,0028.Conclusion: MR imaging using T1-weighted In-phase-Opposed-phase images could be a useful diagnostic tool in the preoperative assessment of the thymic lodge and may help differentiate thymic hyperplasia from tumors of the thymus glandAbbreviations: myasthenia gravis – MG; chemical shift ratio – CSR; frequency-encoding direction – FED



Autor: Popa, GA; Preda, EM; Scheau, C; Vilciu, C; Lupescu, IG

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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