Vol 6: Understanding of alkaline pretreatment parameters for corn stover enzymatic saccharification.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 6: Understanding of alkaline pretreatment parameters for corn stover enzymatic saccharification.


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This article is from Biotechnology for Biofuels, volume 6.AbstractBackground: Previous research on alkaline pretreatment has mainly focused on optimization of the process parameters to improve substrate digestibility. To achieve satisfactory sugar yield, extremely high chemical loading and enzyme dosages were typically used. Relatively little attention has been paid to reduction of chemical consumption and process waste management, which has proven to be an indispensable component of the bio-refineries. To indicate alkali strength, both alkali concentration in pretreatment solution g alkali-g pretreatment liquor or g alkali-L pretreatment liquor and alkali loading based on biomass solids g alkali-g dry biomass have been widely used. The dual approaches make it difficult to compare the chemical consumption in different process scenarios while evaluating the cost effectiveness of this pretreatment technology. The current work addresses these issues through pretreatment of corn stover at various combinations of pretreatment conditions. Enzymatic hydrolysis with different enzyme blends was subsequently performed to identify the effects of pretreatment parameters on substrate digestibility as well as process operational and capital costs. Results: The results showed that sodium hydroxide loading is the most dominant variable for enzymatic digestibility. To reach 70% glucan conversion while avoiding extensive degradation of hemicellulose, approximately 0.08 g NaOH-g corn stover was required. It was also concluded that alkali loading based on total solids g NaOH-g dry biomass governs the pretreatment efficiency. Supplementing cellulase with accessory enzymes such as α-arabinofuranosidase and β-xylosidase significantly improved the conversion of the hemicellulose by 6–17%. Conclusions: The current work presents the impact of alkaline pretreatment parameters on the enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover as well as the process operational and capital investment costs. The high chemical consumption for alkaline pretreatment technology indicates that the main challenge for commercialization is chemical recovery. However, repurposing or co-locating a biorefinery with a paper mill would be advantageous from an economic point of view.



Autor: Chen, Ye; Stevens, Mark A; Zhu, Yongming; Holmes, Jason; Xu, Hui

Fuente: https://archive.org/



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