Vol 4: Trials to Overcome Drug Resistance to EGFR and ALK Targeted Therapies - Past, Present, and Future.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 4: Trials to Overcome Drug Resistance to EGFR and ALK Targeted Therapies - Past, Present, and Future.


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This article is from Frontiers in Oncology, volume 4.AbstractMolecularly targeted agents are changing the therapeutic landscape in advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Since the discovery of sensitizing mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor EGFR and anaplastic lymphoma kinase ALK domain, clinical investigations have focused on optimizing the efficacy of EGFR and ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors by addressing therapeutic resistance that commonly develops within a year of treatment initiation. Here, we review the clinical trials of novel therapies and combination regimens that have been undertaken in response to our evolving understanding of the mechanisms of resistance to targeted therapy. The aim of these trials was to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of targeted therapies by improving blockade and-or inhibiting parallel or compensatory signaling pathways. We have documented the sequential conduct of EGFR and ALK biomarker-driven trials in order to highlight particular pitfalls and successes, which should be considered in the design of future trials. Although there remain significant challenges, substantial gains have been made in our understanding of cellular resistance. This knowledge will drive the design of future trials to the benefit of lung cancer patients.



Autor: Spaans, Johanna N.; Goss, Glenwood D.

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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