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 Vol 9: Stressful Events and Continued Smoking and Continued Alcohol Consumption during Mid-Pregnancy.


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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractAim: to examine whether the severity of different categories of stressful events is associated with continued smoking and alcohol consumption during mid-pregnancy. Also, we explored the explanation of these associations by anxiety and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Finally, we studied whether the severity of stressful events was associated with the amount of cigarettes and alcohol used by continued users. Method: we conducted a cross-sectional analysis using data from a population-based prospective cohort study. Pregnant women were recruited via midwifery practices throughout The Netherlands. We analyzed women who continued smoking n = 113 or quit n = 290, and women who continued alcohol consumption n = 124 or quit n = 1403 during pregnancy. Smoking, alcohol consumption, and perceived severity of stressful events were measured at 19 weeks of gestation. The State Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale were filled out at 14 weeks of gestation. Odds ratios were calculated as association measures and indicated the relative increase for the odds of continuation of smoking and alcohol consumption for the maximum severity score compared to the minimum score. Findings: severity of the following stressful event categories was associated with continued alcohol consumption: ‘conflict with loved ones’ OR = 10.4, p



Autor: Beijers, Chantal; Ormel, Johan; Meijer, Judith L.; Verbeek, Tjitte; Bockting, Claudi L. H.; Burger, Huibert

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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