Vol 4: Spatial genetic features of eastern oysters Crassostrea virginica Gmelin in the Gulf of Mexico: northward movement of a secondary contact zone.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 4: Spatial genetic features of eastern oysters Crassostrea virginica Gmelin in the Gulf of Mexico: northward movement of a secondary contact zone.


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This article is from Ecology and Evolution, volume 4.AbstractThe eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica Gmelin is an economically and ecologically valuable marine bivalve occurring in the Gulf of Mexico. This study builds upon previous research that identified two divergent populations of eastern oysters in the western Gulf of Mexico. Allelic and genotypic patterns from 11 microsatellite markers were used to assess genetic structure and migration between the previously described oyster populations in Texas. The main findings are as follows: 1 there are two distinct populations FST = 0.392, P 0.001 of oysters that overlap in the Corpus Christi-Aransas Bay estuarine complex in Texas, 2 the distribution of genotypes among individuals in the contact zone suggests limited hybridization between populations, 3 the variables of salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, turbidity and depth are not correlated with allele frequencies on reefs in the contact zone or when analyzed across Texas, and 4 there is little evidence of directional selection acting on the loci assayed here, although patterns at four markers suggested the influence of balancing selection based on outlier analyses. These results are consistent with long-term historical isolation between populations, followed by secondary contact. Recent hydrological changes in the area of secondary contact may be promoting migration in areas that were previously inhospitable to eastern oysters, and observed differences in the timing of spawning may limit hybridization between populations. Comparison of these findings with the results of an earlier study of oysters in Texas suggests that the secondary contact zone has shifted approximately 27 km north, in as little as a 23-year span.



Autor: Anderson, Joel D; Karel, William J; Mace, Christopher E; Bartram, Brian L; Hare, Matthew P

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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