Vol 29: Skin corrosion and irritation test of sunscreen nanoparticles using reconstructed 3D human skin model.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 29: Skin corrosion and irritation test of sunscreen nanoparticles using reconstructed 3D human skin model.


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This article is from Environmental Health and Toxicology, volume 29.AbstractObjectives: Effects of nanoparticles including zinc oxide nanoparticles, titanium oxide nanoparticles, and their mixtures on skin corrosion and irritation were investigated by using in vitro 3D human skin models KeraSkinTM and the results were compared to those of an in vivo animal test. Methods: Skin models were incubated with nanoparticles for a definite time period and cell viability was measured by the 3-4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2.5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method. Skin corrosion and irritation were identified by the decreased viability based on the pre-determined threshold. Results: Cell viability after exposure to nanomaterial was not decreased to the pre-determined threshold level, which was 15% after 60 minutes exposure in corrosion test and 50% after 45 minutes exposure in the irritation test. IL-1α release and histopathological findings support the results of cell viability test. In vivo test using rabbits also showed non-corrosive and non-irritant results. Conclusions: The findings provide the evidence that zinc oxide nanoparticles, titanium oxide nanoparticles and their mixture are ‘non corrosive’ and ‘non-irritant’ to the human skin by a globally harmonized classification system. In vivo test using animals can be replaced by an alternative in vitro test.



Autor: Choi, Jonghye; Kim, Hyejin; Choi, Jinhee; Oh, Seung Min; Park, Jeonggue; Park, Kwangsik

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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