Vol 9: Specific Deletion of LDL Receptor-Related Protein on Macrophages Has Skewed In Vivo Effects on Cytokine Production by Invariant Natural Killer T Cells.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 9: Specific Deletion of LDL Receptor-Related Protein on Macrophages Has Skewed In Vivo Effects on Cytokine Production by Invariant Natural Killer T Cells.


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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractExpression of molecules involved in lipid homeostasis such as the low density lipoprotein receptor LDLr on antigen presenting cells APCs has been shown to enhance invariant natural killer T iNKT cell function. However, the contribution to iNKT cell activation by other lipoprotein receptors with shared structural and ligand binding properties to the LDLr has not been described. In this study, we investigated whether a structurally related receptor to the LDLr, known as LDL receptor-related protein LRP, plays a role in iNKT cell activation. We found that, unlike the LDLr which is highly expressed on all immune cells, the LRP was preferentially expressed at high levels on F4-80+ macrophages MΦ. We also show that CD169+ MΦs, known to present antigen to iNKT cells, exhibited increased expression of LRP compared to CD169- MΦs. To test the contribution of MΦ LRP to iNKT cell activation we used a mouse model of MΦ LRP conditional knockout LRP-cKO. LRP-cKO MΦs pulsed with glycolipid alpha-galactosylceramide αGC elicited normal IL-2 secretion by iNKT hybridoma and in vivo challenge of LRP-cKO mice led to normal IFN-γ, but blunted IL-4 response in both serum and intracellular expression by iNKT cells. Flow cytometric analyses show similar levels of MHC class-I like molecule CD1d on LRP-cKO MΦs and normal glycolipid uptake. Survey of the iNKT cell compartment in LRP-cKO mice revealed intact numbers and percentages and no homeostatic disruption as evidenced by the absence of programmed death-1 and Ly-49 surface receptors. Mixed bone marrow chimeras showed that the inability iNKT cells to make IL-4 is cell extrinsic and can be rescued in the presence of wild type APCs. Collectively, these data demonstrate that, although MΦ LRP may not be necessary for IFN-γ responses, it can contribute to iNKT cell activation by enhancing early IL-4 secretion.



Autor: Covarrubias, Roman; Wilhelm, Ashley J.; Major, Amy S.

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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