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The cultivation of grapes for the production of wine at altitudes between 2,200 and 2,600 masl started in the department of Boyacá in 1982. Quality wines are produced by the Ain Karim Vineyard in Ricaurte High. It is necessary to have wine grapes that possess suitable organoleptic compounds at harvest in order to guarantee quality grape must that can be converted into wine. For this, it is necessary to have a suitable ratio between the inflows and the outflows and to guarantee production, quality and vegetative sustainability over time, conserving the equilibrium and benefiting the productive potential of the vineyard. This study aimed to evaluate the productive and vegetative balance effect in the wine grape varieties Vitis vinífera L. Cabernet Sauvignon and Sauvignon Blanc in Sutamarchán-Boyacá, considering different pruning types short, long, and mixed. A bifactorial, completely random statistical design was used. At the time of harvest, the fruit production and pruned wood were evaluated. The long-pruned vines presented the best behavior and the most balanced inflow-outflow ratio, while Sauvignon Blanc demonstrated a better productive yield. Meanwhile, the short and mixed prunings presented the better values for the ravaz index, indicating that they are more suitable for the conditions of the region, allowing for sustainability during the productive cycles of the wine grapes.

Tipo de documento: Artículo - Article

Información adicional: © Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Se autoriza la reproducción y citación del material que aparece en la revista, siempre y cuando se indique de manera explícita: nombre de la revista, nombre del autores, año, volumen, número y páginas del artículo fuente. Las ideas y afirmaciones consignadas por los autores están bajo su responsabilidad y no interpretan necesariamente las opiniones y políticas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. La mención de productos o firmas comerciales en la revista no implica una recomendación o apoyo por parte de la Universidad ni de la Facultad; el uso de tales productos debe ceñirse a las recomendaciones de las etiquetas.

Palabras clave: Viticulture, vineyards, plant training, source-sink relationship, Ravaz index., Crop physiology, Horticulture





Fuente: http://www.bdigital.unal.edu.co


Introducción



crop phisiology Pruning affects the vegetative balance of the wine grape (Vitis vinifera L.) La poda afecta el equilibrio vegetativo de la vid (Vitis vinifera L.) Pedro José Almanza-Merchán1, Pablo Antonio Serrano-Cely2, Fabio Emilio Forero-Ulloa2, Johana Arango3, and Ángela Milena Puerto3 ABSTRACT RESUMEN Grape cultivation for wine production at altitudes between 2,200 and 2,600 m a.s.l.
started in the department of Boyaca in 1982.
Quality wines are produced by the AinKarim Vineyard in Ricaurte High.
Wine grapes have to possess suitable organoleptic compounds at harvest in order to guarantee quality grape must that can be converted into wine.
Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a suitable ratio between the sources and the sinks and to guarantee production, quality and vegetative sustainability over time, conserving the equilibrium and benefiting the productive potential of the vineyard.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the productive and vegetative balance effect in the wine grape varieties Cabernet Sauvignon and Sauvignon Blanc in Sutamarchan-Boyaca, considering different pruning types (short, long, and mixed).
A bifactorial, completely random statistical design was used.
At the time of harvest, the fruit production and pruned wood were evaluated.
The long-pruned vines showed the best behavior and the most balanced source- sink relationship, while Sauvignon Blanc demonstrated a better productive yield.
Meanwhile, the short and mixed prunings had the better values for the Ravaz index (balance between fruit production and vegetative growth), indicating that they are more suitable for the conditions of the region, allowing for sustainability during the productive cycles of the wine grapes. El cultivo de la vid para elaboración de vino, en altitudes entre 2.200 y 2.600 msnm, se inició en el departamento de Boyacá, en el año de 1982.
En el Alto Ricaurte se encuentra el Viñedo Ain Karim, donde se producen vinos de calidad.
Para su elaboración, se r...






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