Vol 9: Persistence of Botulinum Neurotoxin A Subtypes 1-5 in Primary Rat Spinal Cord Cells.Report as inadecuate



 Vol 9: Persistence of Botulinum Neurotoxin A Subtypes 1-5 in Primary Rat Spinal Cord Cells.


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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractBotulinum neurotoxins BoNTs are the most poisonous substances known and cause the severe disease botulism. BoNTs have also been remarkably effective as therapeutics in treating many neuronal and neuromuscular disorders. One of the hallmarks of BoNTs, particularly serotype A, is its long persistence of 2-6 months in patients at concentrations as low as fM or pM. The mechanisms for this persistence are currently unclear. In this study we determined the persistence of the BoNT-A subtypes 1 through 5 in primary rat spinal neurons. Remarkably, the duration of intracellular enzymatic activity of BoNT-A1 -A2 -A4 and -A5 was shown to be at least 10 months. Conversely, the effects of BoNT-A3 were observed for up to ∼5 months. An intermittent dosing with BoNT-E showed intracellular activity of the shorter acting BoNT-E for 2–3 weeks, followed by reoccurrence and persistence of BoNT-A-induced SNAP-25 cleavage products.



Author: Whitemarsh, Regina Clare Meyer; Tepp, William Howard; Johnson, Eric Arthur; Pellett, Sabine

Source: https://archive.org/







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