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 Vol 30: Probabilistic PCA of censored data: accounting for uncertainties in the visualization of high-throughput single-cell qPCR data.


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This article is from Bioinformatics, volume 30.AbstractMotivation: High-throughput single-cell quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction qPCR is a promising technique allowing for new insights in complex cellular processes. However, the PCR reaction can be detected only up to a certain detection limit, whereas failed reactions could be due to low or absent expression, and the true expression level is unknown. Because this censoring can occur for high proportions of the data, it is one of the main challenges when dealing with single-cell qPCR data. Principal component analysis PCA is an important tool for visualizing the structure of high-dimensional data as well as for identifying subpopulations of cells. However, to date it is not clear how to perform a PCA of censored data. We present a probabilistic approach that accounts for the censoring and evaluate it for two typical datasets containing single-cell qPCR data.Results: We use the Gaussian process latent variable model framework to account for censoring by introducing an appropriate noise model and allowing a different kernel for each dimension. We evaluate this new approach for two typical qPCR datasets of mouse embryonic stem cells and blood stem-progenitor cells, respectively by performing linear and non-linear probabilistic PCA. Taking the censoring into account results in a 2D representation of the data, which better reflects its known structure: in both datasets, our new approach results in a better separation of known cell types and is able to reveal subpopulations in one dataset that could not be resolved using standard PCA.Availability and implementation: The implementation was based on the existing Gaussian process latent variable model toolbox https:-github.com-SheffieldML-GPmat; extensions for noise models and kernels accounting for censoring are available at http:-icb.helmholtz-muenchen.de-censgplvm.Contact:fbuettner.phys@gmail.comSupple mentary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.



Autor: Buettner, Florian; Moignard, Victoria; Gottgens, Berthold; Theis, Fabian J.

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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