NASA Technical Reports Server NTRS 20160005915: Comparison of Surface and Column Variations of CO2 Over Urban Areas for Future Active Remote CO2 SensorsReportar como inadecuado



 NASA Technical Reports Server NTRS 20160005915: Comparison of Surface and Column Variations of CO2 Over Urban Areas for Future Active Remote CO2 Sensors


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High resolution in-situ CO2 measurements were recorded onboard the NASA P-3B during the DISCOVER-AQ Deriving Information on Surface Conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality Field Campaign, to investigate the ability of space-based observations to accurately assess near surface conditions related to air quality. This campaign includes, Washington DC-Baltimore, MD July 2011, San Joaquin Valley, CA January - February 2013, Houston, TX September 2013, and Denver, CO July-August 2014. Each of these campaigns consisted of missed approaches and approximately two hundred vertical soundings of CO2 within the lower troposphere surface to about 5 km. In this study, surface 0 - 1 km and column-averaged 0 - 3.5 km CO2 mixing ratio values from the vertical soundings in the four geographically different urban areas are used to investigate the temporal and spatial variability of CO2 within the different urban atmospheric emission environments. Tracers such as CO, CH2O, NOx, and NMHCs are used to identify the source of CO2 variations in the urban sites. Additionally, we apply nominal CO2 column weighting functions for potential future active remote CO2 sensors operating in the 1.57-microns and 2.05-microns measurement regions to convert the in situ CO2 vertical mixing ratio profiles to variations in CO2 column optical depths, which is what the active remote sensors actually measure. Using statistics calculated from the optical depths at each urban site measured during the DISCOVER-AQ field campaign and for each nominal weighting function, we investigate the natural variability of CO2 columns in the lower troposphere; relate the CO2 column variability to the urban surface emissions; and show the measurement requirements for the future ASCENDS Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, and Seasons in the continental U.S. urban areas.



Autor: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fuente: https://archive.org/



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