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This paper tries to demónstrate that Borges celebrated story -Tlón, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius,- contains a reductio ad absurdum argument of a form of subjective idealísm usually associated with Berkeley. To show the íncoherences that result from the idealísm of Berkeley, Borges makes use of ideas which may be fruitfully illuminated by comparison with kantian arguments against subjective idealísm. He puts these arguments ín the form of a cuento which illustrates the absurdities and contradictions of this ídealist position. Specifically, he demónstrales that a radically subjective idealísm is self-contradictory since it renders all objective experience indetermínate and incoherent.

Tipo de documento: Artículo - Article





Fuente: http://www.bdigital.unal.edu.co


Introducción



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d k --i Denmark Abstract This paper tries to demónstrate that Borges celebrated story, -Tlón, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius,- contains a reductio ad absurdum argument of a form of subjective idealísm usually associated with Berkeley.
To show the íncoherences that result from the idealísm of Berkeley, Borges makes use of ideas which may be fruitfully illuminated by comparison with kantian arguments against subjective idealísm.
He puts these arguments ín the form of a cuento which illustrates the absurdities and contradictions of this ídealist position.
Specifically, he demónstrales that a radically subjective idealísm is self-contradictory since it renders all objective experience indetermínate and incoherent. Leibniz discussed at some length the concept of a possible world.
This notion is based on a distinction between tmths of fact and truths of reason.
Empirical tmths such as -the cat is on the mat- or -the dogs hair is black,- are facts ofthe matter, which just so happen to be the case but which could easily be different under different circumstances.
If -different circumstances- are interpreted as different possible worlds, then there is a possible world in which the dogs hair is brown and one in which it is white and so on.
Truths of reason by contrast are necessary and thus must hold tme in every possible world.
Tmths of this sort, such as -a triangle is a figure with three sides,- are necessarily tme since to deny them would, according to Leibniz, result in a contradictíon.
There is, for example, a confradiction in the very notion of afrianglewith four sides, whereas there is nothing necessarily contradictory in saying that ...






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