Vol 6: Laryngeal Spasm Mimicking Asthma and Vitamin D Deficiency.Report as inadecuate



 Vol 6: Laryngeal Spasm Mimicking Asthma and Vitamin D Deficiency.


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This article is from Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research, volume 6.AbstractWe present a woman with heterozygous carnitine palmitoyl transferase 2 CPT-2 deficiency who in the last 6 months suffered from episodic dyspnea and choking. Symptoms could not be attributed to her muscular energy defect, since heterozygous CPT-2 deficiency is usually asymptomatic or causes only mild muscle fatigability. Myopathy is usually triggered by concurrent factors, either genetic additional muscle enzymes defects or acquired metabolic stress. The patient was referred to our respiratory clinic for suspect bronchial asthma. Spirometry showed mild decrease in inspiratory flows. Methacholine challenge was negative. Dyspnea was triggered by hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia, which produced marked decrease in airflow rates, particularly in inspiratory flows, consistent with laryngospasm. Nutritional assessment of the patient showed low serum level of calcium and vitamin D, attributable to avoidance of milk and dairy products for lactose intolerance and to insufficient sunlight exposure. After calcium and vitamin D supplementation episodic laryngospasm disappeared and hypocapnic hyperventilation test induced very mild change in airflow rates. Calcium and vitamin D deficiency may favour laryngeal spasm mimicking asthma, particularly in subjects with underlying myopathy.



Author: Masoero, Monica; Bellocchia, Michela; Ciuffreda, Antonio; Ricciardolo, Fabio LM; Rolla, Giovanni; Bucca, Caterina

Source: https://archive.org/







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