Joint Assessment of the Differential Item Functioning and Latent Trait Dimensionality of Students National TestsReportar como inadecuado



 Joint Assessment of the Differential Item Functioning and Latent Trait Dimensionality of Students National Tests


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Within the educational context, students assessment tests are routinely validated through Item Response Theory IRT models which assume unidimensionality and absence of Differential Item Functioning DIF. In this paper, we investigate if such assumptions hold for two national tests administered in Italy to middle school students in June 2009: the Italian Test and the Mathematics Test. To this aim, we rely on an extended class of multidimensional latent class IRT models characterised by: i a two-parameter logistic parameterisation for the conditional probability of a correct response, ii latent traits represented through a random vector with a discrete distribution, and iii the inclusion of uniform DIF to account for students gender and geographical area. A classification of the items into unidimensional groups is also proposed and represented by a dendrogram, which is obtained from a hierarchical clustering algorithm. The results provide evidence for DIF effects for both Tests. Besides, the assumption of unidimensionality is strongly rejected for the Italian Test, whereas it is reasonable for the Mathematics Test.



Autor: Michela Gnaldi; Francesco Bartolucci; Silvia Bacci

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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