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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 2014, 19 6

Autor: Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo

Fuente: http://www.redalyc.org/


Introducción



Ciência & Saúde Coletiva ISSN: 1413-8123 cecilia@claves.fiocruz.br Associação Brasileira de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Brasil de Souza Minayo, Maria Cecília Hipertensão, diabetes, obesidade e outros males do Brasil contemporâneo Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, vol.
19, núm.
6, enero-junio, 2014, p.
1640 Associação Brasileira de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=63031130001 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative DOI: 10.1590-1413-81232014194.14712012 Since the 1960s, Brazil has seen a change in its morbidity and mortality profile, moving from a situation where there was the prevalence and relevance of infectious diseases and entering an ascending curve of both deaths and morbidities due to long-term noninfectious clinical pathologies, often marked by irreversibility.
This scenario is also characterized by an increase in deaths from violence and accidents, and lesions and injuries resulting from so-called “external causes.” This new panorama of the Brazilian population has two sides.
The most positive aspect is that thanks to the major vaccination campaigns, the universalization of primary health care, improvements in living conditions and the slow but vital process of ensuring basic sanitation, the country has eliminated some infectious diseases, such as poliomyelitis, smallpox and measles.
However, others persist and require major investment to keep them in check, such as AIDS (which for many is becoming a chronic disease), dengue, tuberculosis, malaria and Hansen’s disease (leprosy).
The most negative aspect of the Brazilian health situation is the presence, persistence, and in some cases, the reemergence of non-communica...





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