Vol 7: Inhibition of urokinase-type plasminogen activator expression by dihydroartemisinin in breast cancer cells.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 7: Inhibition of urokinase-type plasminogen activator expression by dihydroartemisinin in breast cancer cells.


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This article is from Oncology Letters, volume 7.AbstractThe aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of dihydroartemisinin DHA on the primary tumor growth and metastasis of the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, in vitro. The expression levels of urokinase-type plasminogen activator uPA were detected by immunocytochemistry in two cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. The MDA-MB-231 cell activity was inhibited by various concentration gradients of DHA. The inhibitory rate, cell growth curve and apoptotic morphological observations were obtained using the MTT assay at 0, 24, 48 and 72 h. Cell scratch migration was performed at various time-points to test the cell proliferation and migration capacity. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze the effect of DHA on uPA mRNA expression in breast cancer cells. The human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, possesses higher metastatic potential and relatively higher expression of uPA when compared with the MCF-7 cell line. DHA was found to inhibit the proliferation and migration capacity of the cell line, MDA-MB-231, in vitro. The growth inhibition occurred in a time- and dose-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 117.76±0.04, 60.26±0.12 and 52.96±0.07 μmol-l following 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. The inhibition of uPA was observed to decrease breast cancer cell growth and migration. Thus, results of the present study indicate that DHA may be used for further studies with regard to breast cancer therapy.



Autor: ZHANG, SHUQUN; MA, YINAN; JIANG, JIANTAO; DAI, ZHIJUN; GAO, XIAOYAN; YIN, XIAORAN; XI, WENTAO; MIN, WEILI

Fuente: https://archive.org/



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