Hydrogeological model of a high energy geothermal field Bouillante area, Guadeloupe, French West IndiesReport as inadecuate

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1 BRGM - Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières

Abstract : The Bouillante geothermal field provides about 8% of the annual electricity needs of the French West Indies island of Guadeloupe. It has been the subject of several studies covering various disciplines. A hydrogeological conceptual model of the field is proposed. The reservoir consists of two perpendicular sets of fractures and faults, related to major regional tectonic structures, which have been clogged near surface by self sealing. The heat exchanges of the reservoir with the outside are reduced, through thermal and hydraulic blanketing, to conductive transfers. Convection cells are active within the reservoir, ensuring its thermal and geochemical homogeneity. Heat exchange with the magmatic chamber is only conductive. The Na-Cl geothermal fluid in the reservoir is composed of 60% sea water and 40% fresh water and has reached a chemical equilibrium with a mineralogical assemblage at 250-260°C. Many arguments equilibrium state, absence of tritium, low in-out fluxes, large reservoir volume suggest a long residence time >100 years of the geothermal fluid. Three factors explain the existence and location of the geothermal field: a heat source cooling hypovolcanic intrusion, a network of permeable fractures at the origin of the geothermal aquifer, and an impermeable surface cover, limiting the loss of energy and ensuring the sustainability of the field.

Keywords : conceptual model geothermal field groundwater hydraulics Guadeloupe French West Indies geothermy volcano spring

Author: Patrick Lachassagne - Jean-Christophe Maréchal - Bernard Sanjuan -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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