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BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making

, 8:29

First Online: 02 July 2008Received: 18 December 2007Accepted: 02 July 2008

Abstract

BackgroundA dengue fever outbreak occured in French Guiana in 2006. The objectives were to study the value of a syndromic surveillance system set up within the armed forces, compared to the traditional clinical surveillance system during this outbreak, to highlight issues involved in comparing military and civilian surveillance systems and to discuss the interest of syndromic surveillance for public health response.

MethodsMilitary syndromic surveillance allows the surveillance of suspected dengue fever cases among the 3,000 armed forces personnel. Within the same population, clinical surveillance uses several definition criteria for dengue fever cases, depending on the epidemiological situation. Civilian laboratory surveillance allows the surveillance of biologically confirmed cases, within the 200,000 inhabitants.

ResultsIt was shown that syndromic surveillance detected the dengue fever outbreak several weeks before clinical surveillance, allowing quick and effective enhancement of vector control within the armed forces. Syndromic surveillance was also found to have detected the outbreak before civilian laboratory surveillance.

ConclusionMilitary syndromic surveillance allowed an early warning for this outbreak to be issued, enabling a quicker public health response by the armed forces. Civilian surveillance system has since introduced syndromic surveillance as part of its surveillance strategy. This should enable quicker public health responses in the future.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6947-8-29 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Jean-Baptiste Meynard - Hervé Chaudet - Gaetan Texier - Vanessa Ardillon - Françoise Ravachol - Xavier Deparis - Henry Je

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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