Relationships between climate and year-to-year variability in meningitis outbreaks: A case study in Burkina Faso and NigerReportar como inadecuado




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International Journal of Health Geographics

, 7:34

First Online: 02 July 2008Received: 24 January 2008Accepted: 02 July 2008

Abstract

BackgroundEvery year, West Africa is afflicted with Meningococcal Meningitis MCM disease outbreaks. Although the seasonal and spatial patterns of disease cases have been shown to be linked to climate, the mechanisms responsible for these patterns are still not well identified.

ResultsA statistical analysis of annual incidence of MCM and climatic variables has been performed to highlight the relationships between climate and MCM for two highly afflicted countries: Niger and Burkina Faso. We found that disease resurgence in Niger and in Burkina Faso is likely to be partly controlled by the winter climate through enhanced Harmattan winds. Statistical models based only on climate indexes work well in Niger showing that 25% of the disease variance from year-to-year in this country can be explained by the winter climate but fail to represent accurately the disease dynamics in Burkina Faso.

ConclusionThis study is an exploratory attempt to predict meningitis incidence by using only climate information. Although it points out significant statistical results it also stresses the difficulty of relating climate to interannual variability in meningitis outbreaks.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1476-072X-7-34 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Pascal Yaka - Benjamin Sultan - Hélène Broutin - Serge Janicot - Solenne Philippon - Nicole Fourquet

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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