Components of rainy seasons variability in Equatorial East Africa : onset, cessation, rainfall frequency and intensityReportar como inadecuado




Components of rainy seasons variability in Equatorial East Africa : onset, cessation, rainfall frequency and intensity - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

1 CRC - Centre de Recherches de Climatologie 2 IRI - International Research Institute for Climate and Society 3 CEREGE - Centre européen de recherche et d-enseignement de géosciences de l-environnement 4 Department of Meteorology

Abstract : The interannual and spatial variability of different rainfall variables is analysed over Equatorial East Africa Kenya and northeastern Tanzania. At station level, three variables are considered: the total precipitation amount P, the number of rain days NRD and the daily rainfall intensity INT. Using a network of 34 stations, inter-station correlations 1958-1987 are computed for each of these variables. The spatial coherence of monthly or seasonal P and NRD is always much higher than that of rainfall intensity. However, large variations in spatial coherence are found in the course of the seasonal cycle. Coherence is highest at the peak of the Short Rains October-December, and low during the Long Rains March-May, except at its beginning. The interannual variability of the onset and cessation of the rains is next considered, at regional scale, and the study extended to 2001. In the Long Rains, the onset and cessation dates are independent of NRD and INT during the rainy season. Hence the Long Rains seasonal rainfall total depends on a combination of virtually unrelated factors, which may account for the difficulty in its prediction. However, the onset, which exhibits a large interannual variability and a strong spatial coherence, has a prime role. In the Short Rains conversely, though the onset is again more decisive than the cessation, the different intra-seasonal descriptors of the rains are more strongly interrelated.





Autor: Pierre Camberlin - Vincent Moron - Raphaël Okoola - Nathalie Philippon - Wilson Gitau -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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