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Respiratory Research

, 9:75

First Online: 24 November 2008Received: 16 May 2008Accepted: 24 November 2008


BackgroundPharmacokinetic properties, dosing regimen, and potency at the site of action are among the factors that influence activity of a corticosteroid. The potency of a corticosteroid at the site of action is determined significantly by its affinity to the glucocorticoid receptor. Recent literature on topical corticosteroids reveals an increasing emphasis on comparative relative receptor affinity values as a key method of differentiating among various corticosteroid compounds, particularly with regard to clinical efficacy.

MethodsA response was formulated to: Valotis A, Högger P: Human receptor kinetics and lung tissue retention of the enhanced-affinity glucocorticoid fluticasone furoate. Respir Res 2007, 8:54.

ResultsRelative receptor binding affinities, while often showing significant variability across different laboratories, are a valid parameter when a comparison of the pharmacological activity of various glucocorticoids at the site of action is desired. Unfortunately within this context, scientific literature including the article from Valotis and Högger, confuse differences in potency concentration or dose necessary to achieve a certain effect with differences in efficacy a quantitative difference in the overall maximum effect, even if all the receptors are occupied. All glucocorticoids will show the same efficacy as long as the selected dose will occupy the same number of receptors.

ConclusionWhile relative receptor affinities are useful for comparing in vitro potencies of corticosteroids, these data are not representative of physiologic conditions and should not be used as a basis for comparing the presumed effectiveness of compounds in a clinical situation.

AbbreviationsFFfluticasone furoate

FPfluticasone propionate

MFmometasone furoate

RRArelative receptor affinity

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Autor: Günther Hochhaus


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