Estimation of the effect of nonisotropically distributed energy on the apparent arrival time in correlations.Reportar como inadecuado

Estimation of the effect of nonisotropically distributed energy on the apparent arrival time in correlations. - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

1 ISTerre - Institut des Sciences de la Terre 2 EAPS - Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences MIT, Cambridge 3 Shell International Exploration and Production 4 Department of Geotechnology 5 Department of Physics

Abstract : Correlations of random seismic noise are now widely used to retrieve the Green-s function between two points. Whereas this technique provides useful results in tomography and monitoring studies, it is mainly limited by an uneven distribution of noise sources. In that case, theoretical requirements are not completely fulfilled and we may wonder how reliable the signals are reconstructed, in particular for the purpose of estimating traveltime from correlations. We present in this study a way to quantify effects of a non-isotropic noise field by estimating the arrival time error due to a particular non-isotropic distribution of recorded wave intensity. Our study is based on a theoretical prediction of this bias and we successfully test the theory by comparing the theoretical expectation to real measurements from seismic-prospecting data. In particular, we distinguish between the effects of source distribution and effects of medium heterogeneity between the sources and the region of receivers. We find relative errors in the order of a percent which may affect monitoring results especially where smaller relative velocity variations smaller than 10−3 for some applications are investigated. Finally we see that correlation of coda waves helps mitigate the effects of a non-isotropic field, hence making the estimation of traveltime quite stable irrespective of the source distribution.

Autor: Berenice Froment - Michel Campillo - Philippe Roux - Pierre Gouedard - Arie Verdel - Richard Weaver -



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