Landwater variation in four major river basins of the Indochina peninsula as revealed by GRACEReportar como inadecuado

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Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 59, Issue 4, pp 193–200

First Online: 07 May 2007Received: 20 April 2006Revised: 04 September 2006Accepted: 06 November 2006


We estimated mass variations in four major river basins—the Mekong, Irrawaddy, Salween and Chao Phraya river basins—of the Indochina Peninsula using the newly released GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment monthly gravity field solutions of UTCSR RL02 University of Texas at Austin, Center for Space Research Release 02, JPL RL02 Jet Propulsion Laboratory Release 02 and GFZ RL03 GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam Release 03. The estimated variations were compared with that calculated from a numerical model. The results show that there is a good agreement between the GRACE estimations and the model calculation for the Mekong and Irrawaddy basins, while the aggreement for the Salween and Chao Phraya basins is poor, mainly due to the spatial scale of the areas concerned. The comparison over the combined area of the four river basins shows fairly good agreement, although there are small quantitative discrepancies. The amplitudes of the annual signals of the GRACE solutions are 0.9- to 1.4-fold larger than that of the hydrological model, and the phases are delayed about 1 month compared with the model signal. The phase differences are probably due to improper treatments of the groundwater storage process in the hydrological model, suggesting that the GRACE data possibly provide constraints to the model parameters.

Key wordsGRACE satellite gravity gravity variations water storage variations precise gravity measurements  Download to read the full article text

Autor: Keiko Yamamoto - Yoichi Fukuda - Toshiyuki Nakaegawa - Jun Nishijima


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