The Prevention and Control of HIV-AIDS, TB and Vector-borne Diseases in Informal Settlements: Challenges, Opportunities and InsightsReportar como inadecuado




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Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 84, Supplement 1, pp 65–74

First Online: 12 April 2007

Abstract

Today’s urban settings are redefining the field of public health. The complex dynamics of cities, with their concentration of the poorest and most vulnerable even within the developed world pose an urgent challenge to the health community. While retaining fidelity to the core principles of disease prevention and control, major adjustments are needed in the systems and approaches to effectively reach those with the greatest health risks and the least resilience within today’s urban environment. This is particularly relevant to infectious disease prevention and control. Controlling and preventing HIV-AIDS, tuberculosis and vector-borne diseases like malaria are among the key global health priorities, particularly in poor urban settings. The challenge in slums and informal settlements is not in identifying which interventions work, but rather in ensuring that informal settlers: 1 are captured in health statistics that define disease epidemiology and 2 are provided opportunities equal to the rest of the population to access proven interventions. Growing international attention to the plight of slum dwellers and informal settlers, embodied by Goal 7 Target 11 of the Millennium Development Goals, and the considerable resources being mobilized by the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and malaria, among others, provide an unprecedented potential opportunity for countries to seriously address the structural and intermediate determinants of poor health in these settings. Viewed within the framework of the -social determinants of disease- model, preventing and controlling HIV-AIDS, TB and vector-borne diseases requires broad and integrated interventions that address the underlying causes of inequity that result in poorer health and worse health outcomes for the urban poor. We examine insights into effective approaches to disease control and prevention within poor urban settings under a comprehensive social development agenda.

KeywordsCommunicable disease prevention and control Dengue fever HIV-AIDS Informal settlements Malaria MDG Slums Social determinants Tuberculosis Urban health Urbanization. David is with the Health Partners, L.L.C., Tamuning, GU, USA; Mugisha is an Associate Research Scientist, African Population and Health Research Centre, Nairobi, Kenya; Becker and Edmundo are with the Centro de Promoçao da Saúde, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Mercado is with the Urbanization and Health Equity Focus, WHO Kobe Centre, Kobe, Japan.

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Autor: Annette M. David - Susan P. Mercado - Daniel Becker - Katia Edmundo - Frederick Mugisha

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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