The Health Equity Dimensions of Urban Food SystemsReportar como inadecuado

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Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 84, Supplement 1, pp 118–129

First Online: 02 April 2007


There is increasing recognition that the nutrition transition sweeping the world’s cities is multifaceted. Urban food and nutrition systems are beginning to share similar features, including an increase in dietary diversity, a convergence toward -Western-style- diets rich in fat and refined carbohydrate and within-country bifurcation of food supplies and dietary conventions. Unequal access to the available dietary diversity, calories, and gastronomically satisfying eating experience leads to nutritional inequalities and diet-related health inequities in rich and poor cities alike. Understanding the determinants of inequalities in food security and nutritional quality is a precondition for developing preventive policy responses. Finding common solutions to under- and overnutrition is required, the first step of which is poverty eradication through creating livelihood strategies. In many cities, thousands of positions of paid employment could be created through the establishment of sustainable and self-sufficient local food systems, including urban agriculture and food processing initiatives, food distribution centers, healthy food market services, and urban planning that provides for multiple modes of transport to food outlets. Greater engagement with the food supply may dispel many of the food anxieties affluent consumers are experiencing.

Keywords Urban food and nutrition systems Health inequities Nutrition transition Social determinants of nutrition Urban agriculture and food distribution Urban nutrition interventions Dixon is with the National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Acton, 0200, Australia; Omwega is with the Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Technology, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 442-00605, Uthiru, Nairobi, Kenya; Friel is with the International Institute for Society and Health, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, England; Burns is with the School of Public Health, Deakin University, Burnwood, Victoria, Australia; Donate is with the School of Global Studies, Social Science and Planning, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, LaTrobe Street Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Carlisle is with the Physical Activity, National Heart Foundation of Australia Victorian Division, 411 King Street, West Melbourne, Victoria 3003, Australia.

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Autor: Jane Dixon - Abiud M. Omwega - Sharon Friel - Cate Burns - Kelly Donati - Rachel Carlisle


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