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* Corresponding author 1 LMV - Laboratoire de Mathématiques de Versailles 2 MICMAC - Methods and engineering of multiscale computing from atom to continuum Inria Paris-Rocquencourt, ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech 3 IRMAR - Institut de Recherche Mathématique de Rennes

Abstract : Several misprints and small mistakes were in the initial version. They have been corrected. Following the recent experimental realization of synthetic gauge magnetic forces, Jean Dalibard adressed the question whether the adiabatic ansatz could be math- ematically justified for a model of an atom in 2 internal states, shone by a quasi resonant laser beam. In this paper, we derive rigorously the asymptotic model guessed by the physicists, and show that this asymptotic analysis contains the in- formation about the presence of vortices. Surprisingly the main difficulties do not come from the nonlinear part but from the linear Hamiltonian. More precisely, the analysis of the nonlinear minimization problem and its asymptotic reduction to simpler ones, relies on an accurate partition of low and high frequencies or mo- menta. This requires to reconsider carefully previous mathematical works about the adiabatic limit. Although the estimates are not sharp, this asymptotic analysis provides a good insight about the validity of the asymptotic picture, with respect to the size of the many parameters initially put in the complete model.

Keywords : adiabatic approximation ground state non linear problem rotating Bose Einstein condensate

Autor: Amandine Aftalion - Francis Nier -



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