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BMC Family Practice

, 7:38

First Online: 19 June 2006Received: 08 January 2006Accepted: 19 June 2006


BackgroundThe relationship between effective organisation of general practices and health improvement is widely accepted. The Maturity Matrix is an instrument designed to assess organisational development in general practice settings and to stimulate quality improvement. It is undertaken by a practice team with the aid of a facilitator. There is a tradition in the primary care systems in many countries of using practice visitors to educate practice teams about how to improve. However the role of practice visitors as facilitators who enable teams to plan practice-led organisational development using quality improvement instruments is less well understood. The objectives of the study were to develop and explore a facilitation model to support practice teams in stimulating organisational development using a quality improvement instrument called the Maturity Matrix. A qualitative study based on transcript analysis was adopted.

MethodA model of facilitation was constructed based on a review of relevant literature. Audio tapes of Maturity Matrix assessment sessions with general practices were transcribed and facilitator skills were compared to the model. The sample consisted of two facilitators working with twelve general practices based in UK primary care.

ResultsThe facilitation model suggested that four areas describing eighteen skills were important. The four areas are structuring the session, obtaining consensus, handling group dynamics and enabling team learning. Facilitators effectively employed skills associated with the first three areas, but less able to consistently stimulate team learning.

ConclusionThis study suggests that facilitators need careful preparation for their role and practices need protected time in order to make best use of practice-led quality improvement instruments. The role of practice visitor as a facilitator is becoming important as the need to engender ownership of the quality improvement process by practices increases.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2296-7-38 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Melody Rhydderch, Adrian Edwards, Martin Marshall, Glyn Elwyn and Richard Grol contributed equally to this work.

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Autor: Melody Rhydderch - Adrian Edwards - Martin Marshall - Glyn Elwyn - Richard Grol


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