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BioMedical Engineering OnLine

, 5:46

First Online: 28 July 2006Received: 07 May 2006Accepted: 28 July 2006


Transverse propagation was previously found to occur in a two-dimensional model of cardiac muscle using the PSpice software program for electronic circuit design and analysis. Longitudinal propagation within each chain, and transverse propagation between parallel chains, occurred even when there were no gap-junction g-j channels inserted between the simulated myocardial cells either longitudinally or transversely. In those studies, there were pronounced edge boundary effects and end-effects even within single chains. Transverse velocity increased with increase in model size. The present study was performed to examine boundary effects on transverse propagation velocity when the length of the chains was held constant at 10 cells and the number of parallel chains was varied from 3 to 5, to 7, to 10, and to 20. The number of g-j channels was either zero, both longitudinally and transversely 0-0, or 100-100. Some experiments were also made at 100-0, 1-1, and 10-10. Transverse velocity and overall velocity both longitudinal and transverse components was calculated from the measured total propagation time TPT, i.e., the elapsed time between when the first action potential AP and the last AP crossed the zero potential level. The transverse g-j channels were placed only at the ends of each chain, such that propagation would occur in a zigzag pattern. Electrical stimulation was applied intracellularly between cells A1 and A2. It was found that, with no g-j channels 0-0, overall velocity increased almost linearly when more and more chains were placed in parallel. In contrast, with many g-j channels 100-100, there was a much flatter relationship between overall velocity and number of parallel chains. The difference in velocities with 0-0 channels and 100-100 channels was reduced as the number of chains was increased. In conclusion, edges have important effects on propagation velocity overall and transverse in cardiac muscle simulations.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1475-925X-5-46 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Lakshminarayanan Ramasamy - Nicholas Sperelakis


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