Patient specific Finite Element model of the face soft tissue for computer-assisted maxillofacial surgeryReportar como inadecuado




Patient specific Finite Element model of the face soft tissue for computer-assisted maxillofacial surgery - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

1 TIMC-IMAG - Techniques de l-Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications Grenoble 2 GMCAO TIMC-IMAG - Techniques de l-Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications Grenoble

Abstract : This paper addresses the prediction of face soft tissue deformations resulting from bone repositioning in maxillofacial surgery. A generic 3D Finite Element model of the face soft tissues was developed. Face muscles are defined in the mesh as embedded structures, with different mechanical properties transverse isotropy, stiffness depending on muscle contraction. Simulations of face deformations under muscle actions can thus be performed. In the context of maxillofacial surgery, this generic soft-tissue model is automatically conformed to patient morphology by elastic registration, using skin and skull surfaces segmented from a CT scan. Some elements of the patient mesh could be geometrically distorted during the registration, which disables Finite Element analysis. Irregular elements are thus detected and automatically regularized. This semi-automatic patient model generation is robust, fast and easy to use. Therefore it seems compatible with clinical use. Six patient models were successfully built, and simulations of soft tissue deformations resulting from bone displacements performed on two patient models. Both the adequation of the models to the patient morphologies and the simulations of post-operative aspects were qualitatively validated by five surgeons. Their conclusions are that the models fit the morphologies of the patients, and that the predicted soft tissue modifications are coherent with what they would expect.

Keywords : Computer aided maxillofacial surgery Finite Element Method Mesh conformation Elastic registration Finite Element mesh regularity





Autor: Matthieu Chabanas - Vincent Luboz - Yohan Payan -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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