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1 Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research IMAU 2 MPIC - Max Planck Institute for Chemistry 3 MPI-M - Max Planck Institute for Meteorology

Abstract : We have performed a 4-year simulation with the Middle Atmosphere General Circulation Model MAECHAM5-MESSy, while slightly nudging the model-s meteorology in the free troposphere below 113 hPa towards ECMWF analyses. We show that the nudging 5 technique, which leaves the middle atmosphere almost entirely free, enables comparisons with synoptic observations. The model successfully reproduces many specific features of the interannual variability, including details of the Antarctic vortex structure. In the Arctic, the model captures general features of the interannual variability, but falls short in reproducing the timing of sudden stratospheric warmings. A 10 detailed comparison of the nudged model simulations with ECMWF data shows that the model simulates realistic stratospheric temperature distributions and variabilities, including the temperature minima in the Antarctic vortex. Some small a few K model biases were also identified, including a summer cold bias at both poles, and a general cold bias in the lower stratosphere, most pronounced in midlatitudes. A comparison 15 of tracer distributions with HALOE observations shows that the model successfully reproduces specific aspects of the instantaneous circulation. The main tracer transport deficiencies occur in the polar lowermost stratosphere. These are related to the tropopause altitude as well as the tracer advection scheme and model resolution. The additional nudging of equatorial zonal winds, forcing the quasi-biennial oscillation, sig20 nificantly improves stratospheric temperatures and tracer distributions.

Autor: M. K. Van Aalst - J. Lelieveld - B. Steil - C. Brühl - P. Jöckel - M. A. Giorgetta - G.-J. Roelofs -



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