A population-based study examining the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 in New York CityReportar como inadecuado




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Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials

, 5:29

First Online: 30 November 2006Received: 18 September 2006Accepted: 30 November 2006

Abstract

BackgroundCommunity-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus CA-MRSA is a serious pathogen in several regions in the United States. It is unclear which populations are at high risk for the emergence of these strains.

MethodsAll unique patient isolates of S. aureus were collected from hospitals in Brooklyn, NY over a three-month period. Isolates of MRSA that were susceptible to clindamycin underwent SCCmec typing. Isolates with the SCCmec type IV characteristic of CA-MRSA strains underwent ribotyping. Demographic information involving the neighborhoods of Brooklyn was also gathered and correlated with the prevalence of CA-MRSA strains.

ResultsOf 1316 isolates collected during the surveillance, 217 were MRSA susceptible to clindamycin. A total of 125 isolates possessed SCCmec type IV; 72 belonged to the USA300 strain and five belonged to the USA400 strain. Hospitals in the eastern part of the city had the highest prevalence of USA300 strain. Individuals in the eastern region, when compared to the western region, were more likely to be Black, Hispanic, female, and < 18 years of age, and to have households of ≥ 3 persons. In addition, the median household income was lower, and the proportion of individuals on public assistance was higher, for the population in the eastern region.

ConclusionThe USA300 strain of CA-MRSA is emerging in New York City. In this population-based study, urban regions of lower socioeconomic status and with evidence of overcrowding appear to be at higher risk for the emergence of this pathogen.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1476-0711-5-29 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Simona Bratu - David Landman - Jyoti Gupta - Manoj Trehan - Monica Panwar - John Quale

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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