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Earth, Planets and Space

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 139–149

First Online: 21 June 2014Received: 18 August 2004Revised: 14 January 2005Accepted: 17 January 2005


The rate of secular variation occasionally undergoes a sudden, sharp change, called a geomagnetic jerk. Such jerks have been detected in geomagnetic time series, centered—over the last four decades—around 1971, 1980, 1991, and 1999; others have been inferred from historical records. The geomagnetic jerks represent a reorganization of the secular variation, implying an internal origin, as established through spherical harmonic and wavelet analysis. However, some characteristics of jerks are not well understood. Here we estimate the occurrence dates for geomagnetic jerks, as they can be detected from a global geomagnetic model. This choice makes the present study novel, for two reasons. First, utilizing the comprehensive modelling approach allows for the use of a secular variation signal free of time-varying external fields and their corresponding induced counterpart, and observatory biases. Second, the model utilizes satellite data when available, in addition to observatory data. Indeed, POGO 1967 to 1971, MAGSAT 1979 to 1980, Ørsted 1999 to present time and CHAMP 2000 to present time satellite measurements help to separate the different magnetic sources. In this study the CM4 comprehensive model is used for a global search of geomagnetic jerks and their occurrence dates. Our first result indicates that found geomagnetic jerks might not have been worldwide in occurrence. Moreover, the obtained dates suggest that jerks detected in the CM4 model over the last four decades occurred not simultaneously but at slightly different times around 1971, 1980 and 1991.

Key wordsGeomagnetic field secular variation geomagnetic impulses comprehensive models  Download to read the full article text

Author: Aude Chambodut - Mioara Mandea

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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