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BMC Urology

, 5:6

First Online: 24 March 2005Received: 18 October 2004Accepted: 24 March 2005


BackgroundAndrogen withdrawal in normal prostate or androgen-dependent prostate cancer is associated with the downregulation of several glycolytic enzymes and with reduced glucose uptake. Although glycogen metabolism is known to regulate the intracellular glucose level its involvement in androgen response has not been studied.

MethodsWe investigated the effects of androgen on glycogen phosphorylase GP, glycogen synthase GS and on glycogen accumulation in the androgen-receptor AR reconstituted PC3 cell line containing either an empty vector PC3-AR-V or vector with HPV-E7 PC3-AR-E7 and the LNCaP cell line.

ResultsAndrogen addition in PC3 cells expressing the AR mimics androgen ablation in androgen-dependent prostate cells. Incubation of PC3-AR-V or PC3-AR-E7 cells with the androgen R1881 induced G1 cell cycle arrest within 24 hours and resulted in a gradual cell number reduction over 5 days thereafter, which was accompanied by a 2 to 5 fold increase in glycogen content. 24 hours after androgen-treatment the level of Glucose-6-P G-6-P had increased threefold and after 48 hours the GS and GP activities increased twofold. Under this condition inhibition of glycogenolysis with the selective GP inhibitor CP-91149 enhanced the increase in glycogen content and further reduced the cell number. The androgen-dependent LNCaP cells that endogenously express AR responded to androgen withdrawal with growth arrest and increased glycogen content. CP-91149 further increased glycogen content and caused a reduction of cell number.

ConclusionIncreased glycogenesis is part of the androgen receptor-mediated cellular response and blockage of glycogenolysis by the GP inhibitor CP-91149 further increased glycogenesis. The combined use of a GP inhibitor with hormone therapy may increase the efficacy of hormone treatment by decreasing the survival of prostate cancer cells and thereby reducing the chance of cancer recurrence.

List of abbreviations usedGPGlycogen Phosphorylase

GSGlycogen Synthase


ARAndrogen Receptor.

HPV-E7Human Papilloma Virus E7

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2490-5-6 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Joachim B Schnier - Kayoko Nishi - Paul H Gumerlock - Frederic A Gorin - E Morton Bradbury


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