Nitrogen and oxygen isotopic constraints on the origin of atmospheric nitrate in coastal AntarcticaReportar como inadecuado

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1 LGGE - Laboratoire de glaciologie et géophysique de l-environnement 2 Department of Geosciences Princeton 3 UC San Diego - University of California San Diego

Abstract : Throughout the year 2001, size-segregated aerosol samples were collected continuously for 10 to 15 days at the French Antarctic Station Dumont d-Urville DDU 66°40- S, l40°01- E, 40 m above mean sea level. The nitrogen and oxygen isotopic ratios of particulate nitrate at DDU exhibit seasonal variations that are among the most extreme observed for nitrate on Earth. Associated with a late winter increase in the concentration of particulate nitrate, d18O and ?17O reach as high as 111.5 versus VSMOW and 41.1, respectively. These are best explained as a signal of stratospheric input, with halogen radicals extracting 17O- and 18O-rich terminal oxygen from ozone and incorporating it into the nitrogen oxides, even if we are unable to reproduce this high ?17O value with the current knowledge of isotopic anomaly transfers during chemical reactions. This failure calls for the evaluation of polar ozone isotopic composition. During the late springtime peak in particulate nitrate, its d15N falls to -46.9 versus atmospheric N2, suggesting that this peak results from snow re-emission, which has been shown previously to enrich in d15N the retained nitrate fraction in continental Antarctic sites.

Autor: J. Savarino - J. Kaiser - S. Morin - D. M. Sigman - M. H. Thiemens -



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